A column in structural engineering is a vertical structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below. Other compression members are often terme columns because of the similar stress conditions. Columns are frequently used to support beams or arches on which the upper parts of walls or ceilings rest. In architecture "column" refers to such a structural element that also has certain proportional and decorative features. A column might not support any major structure but be a decorative or triumphant feature with e.g a statue on top.

Trivia about columns

  • In ancient Greece they came in 3 architectural styles & were made of stone drums stacked & joined with pegs
  • Corinthian, Composite, Tuscan, Doric, Ionic
  • Craftsman homes feature these on the porch, but they're square, not round as in ancient Greek temples