Papyrus is a thick paper-like material prouced from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge that was once abundant in the Nile Delta of Egypt. Papyrus usually grows 2–3 meters (5–9 ft) tall. Papyrus is first known to have been used in ancient Egypt (at least as far back as the First dynasty), but it was also used throughout the Mediterranean region. Ancient Egypt used this plant for boats, mattresses, mats and paper.

Trivia about papyrus

  • It was made by cutting the pith of a plant into strips & beating them together into sheets
  • Hieratica is the finest type of this writing material of ancient Egypt
  • Scholars have it down on paper that the bulrushes on the Nile were probably this plant
  • Paper gets its name from this reed that the ancient Egyptians used to make their writing materials
  • Egyptians could read the latest Book of the Dead on scrolls made from this reed
  • The British Museum has a copy of "The Book of the Dead" on a 3500-year-old roll of this document material
  • The ancient city of Byblos was known for its production of this material, hence bible, meaning book
  • This plant whose stems were used to make writing material was called ptef by the ancient Egyptians
  • The Egyptians were the first to use special tools to make rope from this reed
  • A lotus represented Upper Egypt; this reed plant was a symbol of Lower Egypt
  • In ancient times, the most famous export of the Phoenician town of Byblos to Greece was this material